NIMHD has a profound concept that innovative research addressing health disparities needs to address the frequently distinct fields of science, practice, and policy. It is viewed as an overarching framework designed to shape future research.

Science: Applied health disparities science is essential for conveying new knowledge about determinants of health disparities, disease progression, and outcomes in different subgroups.

Practice: It is essential to include practice considerations in disparities research. The lessons learned from science must be applied to improve public health practice and health care.

Policy: The term policy refers to the course of action adopted by entities with regard to science or practice issues. Policy intervention will be a key component of the research aimed at eliminating health disparities.

Science drives policy discussion, formulation, and implementation, as it provides the needed evidence for the examination of legislation, regulations, and standards of practice that are equally integral and important in eliminating health disparities.